Background: The late-phase allergic reaction is an eosinophilic inflammatory response that begins several hours after allergen exposure, may persist for 24 hours, and is an important pathogenic mechanism in allergic disease. Objective: Cultured naive human mast cells were used to investigate whether mast cells are a direct source of the eosinophil-promoting cytokines IL-5, IL-3, and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). Methods: Naive human mast cells were derived from bone marrow mononuclear cells cultured in the presence of stem-cell factor. Cytokine message and protein production in response to high-affinity IgE receptor ligation of cultured mast cells were measured by semiquantitative polymerase chain reaction and ELISA, respectively. Results: IL-5, IL-3, and GM-CSF messenger RNA increased within 2 hours of mast cell activation, with IL-5 and GM-CSF message remaining elevated for 24 hours, whereas IL-3 mRNA rapidly declined. IL-5 and GM-CSF protein were measurable 4 to 6 hours after stimulation and peaked by 24 and 12 hours, respectively. IL-3 protein was not detectable. Conclusion: These findings demonstrate that naive mast cells do not constitutively produce IL-5 or GM-CSF protein but are a major source of these eosinophilotropic cytokines on high-affinity IgE receptor ligation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy