Mycobacterium tuberculosis (strain H37Rv) and bacillus Calmette- Guérin (BCG) vaccine inhibit phagosome maturation in macrophages and their effect on processing, and presentation of a secreted Ag85 complex B protein, Ag85B, by mouse macrophages was analyzed. Macrophages were infected with GFP-expressing mycobacterial strains and analyzed for in situ localization of vacuolar proton ATPase (v-ATPase) and cathepsin D (Cat D) using Western blot analysis and immunofluorescence. H37Rv and BCG phagosomes excluded the v-ATPase and maintained neutral pH while the attenuated H37Ra strain acquired v-ATPase and acidified. Mycobacterial phagosomes acquired Cat D, although strains BCG and H37Rv phagosomes contained the inactive 46-kDa form, whereas H37Ra phagosomes had the active 30-kDa form. Infected macrophages were overlaid with a T cell hybridoma specific for an Ag85B epitope complexed with MHC class II. Coincident with active Cat D, H37Ra-infected macrophages presented the epitope to T cells inducing IL-2, whereas H37Rv- and BCG-infected macrophages were less efficient in IL-2 induction. Bafilomycin inhibited the induction of macrophage-induced IL-2 from T cells indicating that v-ATPase was essential for macrophage processing of Ag85B. Furthermore, the small interfering RNA interference of Cat D synthesis resulted in a marked decrease in the levels of macrophage-induced IL-2. Thus, a v-ATPase-dependent phagosomal activation of Cat D was required for the generation of an Ag85B epitope by macrophages. Reduced processing of Ag85B by H37Rv- and BCG-infected macrophages suggests that phagosome maturation arrest interferes with the efficient processing of Ags in macrophages. Because Ag85B is immunodominant, this state may lead to a decreased ability of the wild-type as well as the BCG vaccine to induce protective immunity.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy