Process of care in hispanic, black, and white VA beneficiaries

Howard S. Gordon, Michael L. Johnson, Carol M. Ashton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE. To examine whether process of hospital care differs among Hispanic, black, and white VA beneficiaries. SUBJECTS. Two thousand eight-hundred fifty-two Hispanic, black, and white male VA beneficiaries from a case-control study discharged alive from one of twelve southern veterans hospitals with one of three diagnoses, diabetes mellitus (DM), congestive heart failure (CHF), or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS. We applied diagnosis-specific explicit criteria for the process of hospital care to each patient's hospital record and computed the adherence score; the percentage of applicable criteria performed during the hospital stay. We compared mean scores in Hispanic, black, and white patients and then compared adjusted scores using multiple linear regression. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE. Process of inpatient care (adherence score) in Hispanic, black, and white patients at admission, treatment, and discharge. RESULTS. Mean admission adherence scores differed (P = 0.003) among Hispanic patients,black patients, and white patients for CHF and COPD, but not DM. Mean treatment and discharge scores were not different among Hispanic patients, black patients, and white patients. In bivariate comparisons, mean admission scores were higher in black patients compared with white patients for CHF (P = 0.003) and COPD (P = 0.01). In stratified analyses, admission and treatment scores were higher (P = 0.0001) in patients admitted to teaching compared with nonteaching hospitals. Process of inpatient care did not differ among Hispanic, black, and white patients after adjusting for admission to a teaching hospital and other covariates. CONCLUSION. In contrast to findings in other studies, process of inpatient care was generally similar in Hispanic patients, black patients, and white patients. Our findings may reflect several characteristics of veterans' hospitals that may lead to care that is more equitable.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)824-833
Number of pages10
JournalMedical Care
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2002


  • Blacks
  • Hispanics
  • Quality of care
  • Veterans hospitals
  • Whites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)
  • Health Professions(all)


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