Primary sequence mapping of human apolipoprotein B‐100 epitopes: Comparisons of trypsin accessibility and immunoreactivity and implication for apoB conformation

Pei‐Feng ‐F CHEN, Yves L. MARCEL, Chao‐Yuh ‐Y YANG, Antonio Gotto, Ross W. MILNE, James T. SPARROW, Lawrence CHAN

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Differential trypsin-accessibility and monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) to human apolipoprotein (apo) B-100 are both important tools for probing apoB structure and conformation on low-density lipoproteins (LDL). In this study, we have mapped > 80% of the C-terminal region (720 residues) of LDL apoB-100 using trypsin digestion. Our results extend our previous data [Yang et al. (1986) Nature (Lond.) 323, 738-742] confirming that the C-terminal region of about 420 residues of apoB-100 is largely inaccessible to trypsin, whereas the part just preceding this region has interspersed trypsin-accessible and inaccessible peptides. We have determined the amino acid sequence of specific apoB-100 peptides containing epitopes recognized by four separate Mabs: two epitopes have been mapped to within 20 residues, one has been mapped to 36 residues, and the last to 80 residues. We used polyclonal antisera to identify 16 overlapping clones of varying lengths of apoB-100 cDNAs extending from the C-terminus of apoB-100 cloned in the expression vector, λgt11. These clones were then tested against individual Mabs. By nucleotide sequence analysis of overlapping clones that show differential reactivities to different Mabs, we have mapped the individual epitopes of each Mab to within about 50-150 amino acid residues predicted from the DNA sequences. Confirmation and further fine mapping were accomplished by competition for LDL binding using partially purified fusion proteins and chemically synthesized oligopeptides. Two epitopes (Mabs 7 and 22) were mapped to the C-terminal 20 amino acids of apoB-100, one (Mab 16) to residues 4154-4189, and another (Mab 20) to residues 3926-4005. Mab 16 precipitates more than 80% of LDL particles. Mab 20 precipitates only denatured apoB but not native LDL apoB [Milne et al. )1987) Mol. Immunol. 24, 435]. Mabs 7 and 22 are unique in that they precipitate LDL apoB modified by storage much better than freshly isolated LDL-apoB. Although epitope expression and trypsin-accessibility represent two useful probes for the study of protein conformation, there was no obvious correlation between these two parameters when applied to LDL apoB for the antibodies we have examined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-118
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volume175
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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