Primary pericardial mesothelioma is a rare malignancy of the mesothelial lining of the pericardium. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics and survival outcomes of these patients using a United States population-based cancer database. We queried the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program (1973–2015). Primary pericardial mesothelioma patients with complete follow-up data were included, and primary pleural mesothelioma patients were identified as controls. Propensity-score matching was used to balance individual characteristics. Kaplan-Meier analysis and log-rank tests were performed to compare overall survival. Forty-one primary pericardial mesothelioma and 15,970 primary pleural mesothelioma patients were identified. Before matching, when compared to the pleural mesothelioma counterparts, primary pericardial mesothelioma patients were younger (median 57 vs 73 years, P < 0.001), more likely to be female (46.3% vs 20.2%, P < 0.001), more likely to be nonwhite (24.4% vs 8.4%, P = 0.001), and less likely to have been diagnosed in the most recent study decade (2006–2015, 34.1% vs 43.5%, P = 0.002). The overall 1- and 2-year survival rates were 22.0% and 12.2%, with a median survival of 2 months (IQR: 1-6). After 1:2 nearest neighbor propensity-score matching, 38 pericardial mesothelioma and 76 matched pleural mesothelioma cases were identified. The 2 matched groups had comparable baseline characteristics, including age, sex, race, year of diagnosis, histological type, and cancer history. Compared to their pleural mesothelioma counterparts, primary pericardial mesothelioma patients were less likely to receive chemotherapy (23.7% vs 50.0%, P = 0.01) and had worse overall survival (median survival: 2 vs 10 months, log-rank P = 0.006). Primary pericardial mesothelioma has worse survival outcomes than pleural mesothelioma, with a median survival of only 2 months. These patients should seek care from experienced multidisciplinary teams at tertiary care centers that handle high volumes of mesothelioma patients.
- Pleural mesothelioma
- Primary pericardial mesothelioma
- Propensity score
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine