Primary fascial closure with biologic mesh reinforcement results in lesser complication and recurrence rates than bridged biologic mesh repair for abdominal wall reconstruction: A propensity score analysis

Salvatore Giordano, Patrick B. Garvey, Donald P. Baumann, Jun Liu, Charles E. Butler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Previous studies suggest that bridged mesh repair for abdominal wall reconstruction may result in worse outcomes than mesh-reinforced, primary fascial closure, particularly when acellular dermal matrix is used. We compared our outcomes of bridged versus reinforced repair using ADM in abdominal wall reconstruction procedures. Methods: This retrospective study included 535 consecutive patients at our cancer center who underwent abdominal wall reconstruction either for an incisional hernia or for abdominal wall defects left after excision of malignancies involving the abdominal wall with underlay mesh. A total of 484 (90%) patients underwent mesh-reinforced abdominal wall reconstruction and 51 (10%) underwent bridged repair abdominal wall reconstruction. Acellular dermal matrix was used, respectively, in 98% of bridged and 96% of reinforced repairs. We compared outcomes between these 2 groups using propensity score analysis for risk-adjustment in multivariate analysis and for 1-to-1 matching. Results: Bridged repairs had a greater hernia recurrence rate (33.3% vs 6.2%, . P <.001), a greater overall complication rate (59% vs 30%, . P = .001), and worse freedom from hernia recurrence (log-rank . P

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSurgery (United States)
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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