Preventive effect of Piracetam and Vinpocetine on hypoxia-reoxygenation induced injury in primary hippocampal culture

P. Solanki, D. Prasad, S. Muthuraju, A. K. Sharma, S. B. Singh, G. Ilavzhagan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

The present study investigates the potential of Piracetam and Vinpocetine (nootropic drugs, known to possess neuroprotective properties) in preventing hypoxia-reoxygenation induced oxidative stress in primary hippocampal cell culture. The hippocampal culture was exposed to hypoxia (95% N2, 5% CO2) for 3h and followed by 1h of reoxygenation (21% O2 and 5% CO2) at 37°C. The primary hippocampal cultures were supplemented with the optimum dose of Piracetam and Vinpocetine, independently, and the cultures were divided into six groups, viz. Control/Normoxia, Hypoxia, Hypoxia+Piracetam, Hypoxia+Vinpocetine, Normoxia+Piracetam and Normoxia+Vinpocetine. The cell-viability assays and biochemical oxidative stress parameters were evaluated for each of the six groups. Administration of 1mM Piracetam or 500nM Vinpocetine significantly prevents the culture from hypoxia-reoxygenation injury when determined by Neutral Red assay, LDH release and Acetylcholine esterase activity. Results showed that Piracetam and Vinpocetine supplementation significantly prevented the fall of mitochondrial membrane potential, rise in ROS generation and reduction in antioxidant levels associated with the hypoxia-reoxygenation injury. In conclusion, the present study establishes that both Piracetam and Vinpocetine give neuroprotection against hypoxia-reoxygenation injury in primary hippocampal cell culture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)917-922
Number of pages6
JournalFood and Chemical Toxicology
Volume49
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2011

Keywords

  • Hypoxia
  • Oxidative stress
  • Piracetam
  • Primary hippocampal culture
  • Reoxygenation
  • Vinpocetine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Toxicology

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