Prevalence and determinants of metabolic syndrome in Spanish salaried workers: Evidence from 15 614 men and women

Nuria Matilla-Santander, Marina Espinola, Àurea Cartanyà-Hueso, Cristina Lidón-Moyano, Adrián González-Marrón, Juan Carlos Martín-Sánchez, Miguel Cainzos-Achirica, Jose M. Martínez Sánchez

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To describe the prevalence of Spanish workers with Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) and those at risk of developing MetS in 2015. Methods: Cross-sectional study of workers (n = 15 614). We used a modified definition of the NCEP:ATPIII criteria for MetS (we used body mass index (BMI) above 28.8 kg/m2 instead of the waist circumference criterion). We calculated the prevalence of MetS (having at least three components) and of being at risk of MetS (having one or two components). We calculated adjusted odds ratios (aOR) of MetS according to socio-economic and workplace characteristics. Results: The proportions of workers with and at risk of MetS were 7.1 and 31.9%, respectively. The most prevalent criterion was having a BMI > 28.8 kg/m2 (24.1%) in men and cHDL < 40 mg/dl in women (12.9%). There were significant associations between MetS and men (aOR compared to women = 3.73, CI 95%: 3.19; 4.36); age (higher among oldest, aOR = 5.75, CI 95%: 4.37;7.56); and social class (higher among lower social class, aOR = 2.03, CI 95%: 1.65;2.48). Conclusion: Reducing any of the five MetS components, while taking into account the differences found by socio-economic and workplace characteristics, should be one priority for reducing MetS prevalence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)141-148
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Public Health (United Kingdom)
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020

Keywords

  • health promotion
  • metabolic syndrome
  • preventive medicine
  • working population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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