Preparation of grain-aligned bulk (2223) B(Pb)SCCO superconductor with improved Jc by hot-texturing

Anna Tampieri, G. Celotti, R. Masini, S. Lesca, M. Rossi

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Bulk Bi184Pb0.34Sr1.81Ca2.03Cu 3.06oOx superconductors with relative density in the range 88-90% were prepared by high cold pressing + pressureless sintering and subsequently hot forged to increase the extent of grain orientation. It has been found that the final density of the samples exceeds 95% and the orientation factor increases up to ≈ 80%. The introduction of a short high-temperature treatment (T = 885 °C) promotes the extrusion of secondary phases, leaving in the sample only the (2223) as a superconducting phase and islands of Ca-Sr-Cu-0 and CuO. The annealing at 400 °C in oxygen was found essential to recover the oxygen content, lost during densification and texturing treatments, and to increase the T& value up to 100-105 K. The employment of pressureless sintered samples (PLS) together with the step at 885 °C implies the release of the disorder near sub-grain boundaries usually found in hot-pressed samples. As a consequence of these features, textured PLS samples show a Jc value at 77 K one order of magnitude higher with respect to the simple PLS sample. The use of sol-gel powder impi'oves the densification and texturing of the superconductor even for shorter treatment times. Since Jc of this sample is ≃ 700 A/cm2, the addition to the treatment of the step at 885 °C is highly promising in the view to reach a further increase of critical current density.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1019-1024
Number of pages6
JournalNuovo Cimento della Societa Italiana di Fisica D - Condensed Matter, Atomic, Molecular and Chemical Physics, Biophysics
Issue number8-9
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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