Preparation and modeling of three‐layered PCL/PLGA/PCL fibrous scaffolds for prolonged drug release

Miljan Milosevic, Dusica B. Stojanovic, Vladimir Simic, Mirjana Grkovic, Milos Bjelovic, Petar S. Uskokovic, Milos Kojic

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16 Scopus citations


The authors present the preparation procedure and a computational model of a three‐layered fibrous scaffold for prolonged drug release. The scaffold, produced by emulsion/sequential electrospinning, consists of a poly(d,l-lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) fiber layer sandwiched between two poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) layers. Experimental results of drug release rates from the scaffold are compared with the results of the recently introduced computational finite element (FE) models for diffusive drug release from nanofibers to the three-dimensional (3D) surrounding medium. Two different FE models are used: (1) a 3D discretized continuum and fibers represented by a simple radial one-dimensional (1D) finite elements, and (2) a 3D continuum discretized by composite smeared finite elements (CSFEs) containing the fiber smeared and surrounding domains. Both models include the effects of polymer degradation and hydrophobicity (as partitioning) of the drug at the fiber/surrounding interface. The CSFE model includes a volumetric fraction of fibers and diameter distribution, and is additionally enhanced by using correction function to improve the accuracy of the model. The computational results are validated on Rhodamine B (fluorescent drug l) and other hydrophilic drugs. Agreement with experimental results proves that numerical models can serve as efficient tools for drug release to the surrounding porous medium or biological tissue. It is demonstrated that the introduced three-layered scaffold delays the drug release process and can be used for the time-controlled release of drugs in postoperative therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number11126
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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