Background: The impact of preoperative chemoradiation on postoperative morbidity and mortality of patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma remains controversial. Methods: Consecutive pancreatectomies for adenocarcinoma performed between 2011 and 2015 were prospectively monitored for 90 days by using a previously reported surveillance system to determine the association between preoperative chemoradiation and adverse events, pancreatic fistulae, readmissions, and mortality. Results: Among 209 consecutive patients who underwent pancreatectomy, 159 (76 %) experienced at least one adverse event within 90 postoperative days. Patients who received preoperative chemoradiation (n = 137, 66 %) were more likely to have borderline resectable/locally advanced tumors, to have received induction chemotherapy, and to require vascular resection at pancreatectomy than those who did not receive chemoradiation (all P < 0.05). Nonetheless, there were no significant differences in the rates of severe complications, readmission, or mortality between these groups (all P > 0.05). Among patients who underwent pancreatoduodenectomy, the rate of pancreatic fistula was similar between those who received chemoradiation and those who did not (P = 0.96). In contrast, those who received chemoradiation prior to distal pancreatectomy had a lower rate of pancreatic fistula (P < 0.01). Conclusion: Preoperative chemoradiation is not associated with an increase in 90-day morbidity or mortality, and it may reduce the rate of pancreatic fistula following distal pancreatectomy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2016|
- Pancreatic adenocarcinoma
- Pancreatic fistula
ASJC Scopus subject areas