Prediction of right heart failure after left ventricular assist implantation: External validation of the EUROMACS right-sided heart failure risk score

Mercedes Rivas-Lasarte, Salil Kumar, Mohamed H. Derbala, Joel Ferrall, Matthew Cefalu, Syed Muhammad Ibrahim Rashid, Denny T. Joseph, Daniel J. Goldstein, Ulrich P. Jorde, Ashrith Guha, Arvind Bhimaraj, Erik E. Suarez, Sakima A. Smith, Daniel B. Sims

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aims: Prediction of right heart failure (RHF) after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implant remains a challenge. The EUROMACS right-sided heart failure (EUROMACS-RHF) risk score was proposed as a prediction tool for post-LVAD RHF but lacks from large external validation. The aim of our study was to externally validate the score. Methods and results: From January 2007 to December 2017, 878 continuous-flow LVADs were implanted at three tertiary centres. We calculated the EUROMACS-RHF score in 662 patients with complete data. We evaluated its predictive performance for early RHF defined as either (i) need for short- or long-term right-sided circulatory support, (ii) continuous inotropic support for ≥14 days, or (iii) nitric oxide for ≥48 h post-operatively. Right heart failure occurred in 211 patients (32%). When compared with non-RHF patients, pre-operatively they had higher creatinine, bilirubin, right atrial pressure, and lower INTERMACS class (P < 0.05); length of stay and in-hospital mortality were higher. Area under the ROC curve for RHF prediction of the EUROMACS-RHF score was 0.64 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.60-0.68]. Reclassification of patients with RHF was significantly better when applying the EUROMACS-RHF risk score on top of previous published scores. Patients in the high-risk category had significantly higher in-hospital and 2-year mortality [hazard ratio: 1.64 (95% CI 1.16-2.32) P = 0.005]. Conclusion: In an external cohort, the EUROMACS-RHF had limited discrimination predicting RHF. The clinical utility of this score remains to be determined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)723-732
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Heart Journal: Acute Cardiovascular Care
Volume10
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2021

Keywords

  • Mechanical circulatory support
  • Right ventricular failure
  • Risk prediction
  • Score

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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