This prospective study of postrevascularization biopsies was undertaken to determine if pathological changes might be correlated with subsequent allograft rejection and loss. Such a relationship, if identified, could be used to predict graft outcome, thus permitting earlier intervention for individuals at an increased risk for rejection or graft loss. Fifty-seven biopsies were obtained, and the number of polymorphonuclear leukocytes marginating in the glomerular loops and peritubular capillaries was documented along with risk factors associated with the recipients' immunological status and with risk factors associated with ischemic preservation injury. The presence of seven PMN leukocytes in the peritubular capillaries is related to the subsequent occurrence of cellular rejection and accurately predicted in 82% of the patients studied whether or not rejection would occur. Mean glomerular PMN leukocyte count was related to cold ischemia time and subsequent graft loss, while an elevated mean glomerular PMN leukocyte count in conjunction with an elevated peritubular PMN leukocyte count was always associated with hyperacute rejection. Focal glomerular thrombosis (<50%) and tubular cast formation are manifestations of preservation nephropathy and had no effect on graft outcome. These findings suggest that the peritubular capillaries are a more sensitive target for immune changes and that minor donor/recipient disparities can be detected in the peritubular capillaries while preexisting sensitization to the donor is reflected by concurrent changes in the glomerular and peritubular capillaries.
ASJC Scopus subject areas