Predicting Stress and Providing Counterfactual Explanations: A Pilot Study on Caregivers

Kei Shibuya, Zachary D. King, Maryam Khalid, Han Yu, Yufei Shen, Khadija Zanna, Ryan L. Brown, Marzieh Majd, Christopher P. Fagunders, Akane Sano

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Caregiving for spouses with Alzheimer's disease or related dementias (ADRD) is one of the most stressful experiences. Evidence-based treatments for caregivers who have a high risk of mental health issues are needed. In this study, we designed models for predicting changes in perceived stress scale (PSS) (increase/not increase) in one week and generated some examples of counterfactual ('what-if') explanations to change the stress state for helping manage stress. Using self-report (positive and negative affect and sleep quality) and sensor data (heart rate, sleep, and steps) collected in 132 week-long study sessions from 57 participants, we compared explainable PSS change prediction models (Random Forest, XGBoost, LightGBM, EBM, and Neural Network) along with 'what-if' explanations. First, we developed machine learning models for classifying the change in PSS scores before and after the session period. Second, we identified feature importance using our explainable models. Our results showed that XGBoost performed the best with an accuracy of 0.79 and an F1 score of 0.78 for predicting changes in perceived stress. Our results also showed that minimum heart rate, mean steps per day, and negative affect are the most predictive features. Our preliminary counterfactual examples about sleep parameters would be able to provide suggestions for improving one's health. We discussed our ideas to provide better suggestions using DiCE.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2023 11th International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction Workshops and Demos, ACIIW 2023
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9798350327458
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023
Event11th International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction Workshops and Demos, ACIIW 2023 - Cambridge, United States
Duration: Sep 10 2023Sep 13 2023

Publication series

Name2023 11th International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction Workshops and Demos, ACIIW 2023

Conference

Conference11th International Conference on Affective Computing and Intelligent Interaction Workshops and Demos, ACIIW 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityCambridge
Period9/10/239/13/23

Keywords

  • caregiver
  • DiCE
  • healthcare
  • PSS
  • XAI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Media Technology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

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