Potential living kidney donors' health education use and comfort with donation

Amy D. Waterman, Tonie Covelli, Laura Caisley, Wendy Zerega, Mark Schnitzler, David Adams, Barry A. Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context-Much living kidney donation research focuses on actual donors rather than all donors who are evaluated by the transplant center. Objective-To determine (1) what concerns and benefits potential donors saw possible from donation, (2) how they educated themselves before contacting the transplant center, and (3) who were the most comfortable donors. Design-A telephone survey of 91 potential donors before transplant evaluation. Setting-Barnes-Jewish Hospital Transplant Center in St Louis, Mo. Main Outcome Measures-Willingness and comfort donating, key concerns and perceived benefits to donation, hours of transplant-related education. Results-On a 7-point scale, potential donors were very willing (mean=6.65, SD=0.95) and comfortable (mean=6.31, SD=1.12) donating. They were most concerned that their recipients would die if they could not donate, the evaluation and surgery would be anxiety provoking or painful, and they did not understand what donation would require. Donors previously spent an average of 6 hours reading health resources and 32 hours discussing donation. Using logistic regression, those donors with 0 to 4 concerns (odds ratio=7.1, 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.2-23.16), more than 5 benefits (odds ratio = 3.7, 95% CI, 1.2-11.0), and who were family members (odds ratio=4.7, 95% CI, 1.4-15.8) were more likely to be extremely comfortable donating compared to others. Conclusions-Before evaluation, most potential donors are willing to donate because they think that it is important to improve the health of a loved one. Their knowledge of donation varies and they need clear information about medical testing and support coping with any negative donation outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-240
Number of pages8
JournalProgress in Transplantation
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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