Potential carcinogenic effects of cigarette smoke and Swedish moist snuff on pancreas: A study using a transgenic mouse model of chronic pancreatitis

Zhigang Song, Govind Bhagat, Michael Quante, Gwang Ho Baik, Frederic Marrache, Shui Ping Tu, Chun Mei Zhao, Duan Chen, Andrew J. Dannenberg, Timothy C. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The risk of pancreatic cancer is increased in both Snus (the Swedish variant of oral smokeless tobacco) users and, to a greater extent, in cigarette smokers. Concurrent chronic pancreatitis further increases the risk in cigarette smokers. Little is known about the mechanism by which cigarette smoke or Snus increase the risk of pancreatic cancer in individuals with chronic pancreatitis. This study examined the carcinogenic effects of an aqueous extract of cigarette smoke (tobacco smoke, TS) or Snus in an Elastase-IL-1Β transgenic mouse model of chronic pancreatitis. Both transgenic and wild-type (WT) mice were fed diluted TS water or Snus-containing diet for up to 15 months, and monitored for phenotypic and molecular changes in the pancreas. Both TS-and Snus-treated Elastase-IL-1Β mice, but not WT mice, developed significant pancreatic ductal epithelial flattening and severe glandular atrophy compared with untreated transgenic mice. Ductal epithelial cells displayed a high proliferative index, minimal apoptosis, and induction of COX-2 in the setting of chronic inflammation. Up-regulation of TNF-α correlated with the onset of severe glandular atrophy. In comparison with Snus-treated mice, TS-Elastase-IL-1Β mice had an earlier onset and a greater extent of phenotypic changes, which were associated with up-regulation of TNF-α and increased expression of IL-6, TGF-Β, and SDF-1. Collectively, these findings provide new insights into the mechanism by which tobacco products are likely to promote carcinogenesis in the setting of chronic pancreatitis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)426-435
Number of pages10
JournalLaboratory Investigation
Volume90
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2010

Keywords

  • Carcinogenic
  • Chronic pancreatitis
  • Cigarette smoke
  • Snus
  • Transgenic mouse model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology

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