Abnormal migration and proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are key events in the pathogenesis of restenosis that undermine the long-term benefit of widely performed balloon angioplasty and stenting procedures. Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is a potent mitogen and motogen for VSMCs and is known to play a prominent role in the intimal accumulation of smooth muscle cells. In this study, we analyzed the effects of a novel protein tyrosine kinase inhibitor, BMS-354825 (dasatinib), on PDGF-stimulated VSMCs. BMS-354825 is an orally bioavailable dual Src/Bcr-Abl tyrosine kinase inhibitor currently undergoing clinical trials in cancer patients. We found that BMS-354825 inhibited PDGF-stimulated activation of PDGF receptor (PDGFR), STAT3, Akt, and Erk2 in rat A10 VSMCs and in primary cultures of human aortic smooth muscle cells (AoSMCs) at low nanomolar concentrations. The 50% inhibition of the PDGFRβ tyrosine kinase activity in vitro by BMS-354825 was observed at 4 nM. Direct comparison of BMS-354825 and another PDGFR inhibitor, imatinib (Gleevec, STI571), in VSMCs indicated that BMS-354825 is 67-fold more potent than imatinib in inhibition of PDGFR activation. BMS-354825 also inhibited Src tyrosine kinase in A10 cells. At the cell level, PDGF stimulated migration and proliferation of A10 cells and human AoSMCs, both of which were inhibited by BMS-354825 in a concentration dependent manner in the low nanomolar range. These results suggest that BMS-354825 is a potent inhibitor of PDGF-stimulated VSMC activities and a potential agent for the development of a new therapy for vascular obstructive diseases such as restenosis.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine