Postliver transplant acute renal injury and failure by the RIFLE criteria in patients with normal pretransplant serum creatinine concentrations: A matched study

Jie Chen, Terry Singhapricha, Ke Qin Hu, Johnny C. Hong, Randolph H. Steadman, Ronald W. Busuttil, Victor W. Xia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Acute renal injury (ARI) and acute renal failure (ARF) are serious complications after liver transplantation (LT). Few studies apply the risk, injury, function, loss, and end-stage criteria on the patients who have normal preoperative renal function. The aims of this study were to identify the incidence, risk factors, and impact of ARI and ARF in this patient population. Methods: After institutional review board approval, adult LT patients who had preoperative serum creatinine less than or equal to 1.5mmol/L were reviewed. Postoperative ARI and ARF were determined by the risk, injury, function, loss, and end-stage criteria. Risk factors were determined by multivariable regression. Postoperative outcomes were compared among patients with or without ARI or ARF. Results: Among 334 patients included the study, 20.4% and 18.0% had ARI or ARF in the first week after LT, respectively. Then 118 ARI or ARF patients were matched with patients without post-LT renal injury by gender, creatinine, and body mass index. Multivariable analysis showed that increased requirement of red blood cell transfusion (odds ratio [OR] 2.7-8.8, P<0.05), vasopressors (OR 2.2, P=0.018), and pre-LT albumin less than or equal to 3.5 mg/dL (OR: 2.8, P=0.003) as risk factors for post-LT ARI or ARF. Both ARI and ARF were associated with longer hospital stay and higher reoperation rate. ARF, but not ARI, was associated with higher 30-day graft failure and mortality rates. Conclusion: Post-LT ARI or ARF occurred frequently in patients with normal preoperative renal function and was associated with both preoperative and intraoperative risk factors. Although both post-LT ARI and ARF are associated with significant post-LT morbidity, the impact of ARF is greater.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)348-353
Number of pages6
JournalTransplantation
Volume91
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 15 2011

Keywords

  • Acute renal injury
  • Hypoalbuminemia
  • Liver transplantation
  • Red blood cell transfusion
  • The RIFLE criteria
  • Vasopressor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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