Positive effect of balance training with visual feedback on standing balance abilities in people with incomplete spinal cord injury

D. G. Sayenko, M. I. Alekhina, K. Masani, A. H. Vette, H. Obata, M. R. Popovic, K. Nakazawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: (1) To evaluate the learning potential and performance improvements during standing balance training with visual feedback (VBT) in individuals with incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI) and (2) to determine whether standing static and dynamic stability during training-irrelevant tasks can be improved after the VBT. Setting: National Rehabilitation Center for Persons with Disabilities, Tokorozawa, Japan. Methods: Six participants with chronic motor and sensory incomplete SCI who were able to stand for at least 5 min without any form of assistive device performed the VBT, 3 days per week, for a total of 12 sessions. During the training, participants stood on a force platform and were instructed to shift their center of pressure in the indicated directions as represented by a cursor on a monitor. The performance and the rate of learning were monitored throughout the training period. Before and after the program, static and dynamic stability was assessed. Results: All participants showed substantial improvements in the scores, which varied between 23694 and 13014% of the initial values for different exercises. The balance performance during training-irrelevant tasks was significantly improved: for example, the area inside the stability zone after the training reached 22186% of the pre-training values. Conclusion: Postural control can be enhanced in individuals with incomplete SCI using VBT. All participants showed substantial improvements during standing in both game performance and training-irrelevant tasks after the VBT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)886-893
Number of pages8
JournalSpinal Cord
Volume48
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2010

Keywords

  • balance training
  • biofeedback
  • motor learning
  • plasticity
  • spinal cord injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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