Porous silicon nanocarriers for dual targeting tumor associated endothelial cells and macrophages in stroma of orthotopic human pancreatic cancers

Kenji Yokoi, Biana Godin, Carol J. Oborn, Jenolyn F. Alexander, Xuewu Liu, Isaiah J. Fidler, Mauro Ferrari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Pancreatic cancer is a highly fatal disease characterized by a dominant stroma formation. Exploring new biological targets, specifically those overexpressed in stroma cells, holds significant potential for the design of specific nanocarriers to attain homing of therapeutic and imaging agents to the tumor. In clinical specimens of pancreatic cancer, we found increased expression of CD59 in tumor associated endothelial cells as well as infiltrating cells in the stroma as compared to uninvolved pancreas. We explored this dual targeting effect using orthotopic human pancreatic cancer in nude mice. By immunofluorescence analysis, we confirmed the increased expression of Ly6C, mouse homolog of CD59, in tumor associated endothelial cells as well as in macrophages within the stroma. We decorated the surface of porous silicon nanocarriers with Ly6C antibody. Targeted nanocarriers injected intravenously accumulated to tumor associated endothelial cells within 15. min. At 4. h after administration, 9.8. ±. 2.3% of injected dose/g tumor of the Ly6C targeting nanocarriers accumulated in the pancreatic tumors as opposed to 0.5. ±. 1.8% with non-targeted nanocarriers. These results suggest that Ly6C (or CD59) can serve as a novel dual target to deliver therapeutic agents to the stroma of pancreatic tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-327
Number of pages9
JournalCancer Letters
Volume334
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2013

Keywords

  • Endothelial cells
  • Ly6C
  • Marker
  • Nanocarriers
  • Porous silicon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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