DNA repair genes play a major role in maintaining genomic stability through different repair pathways that are mediated by cell cycle control genes such as p53. We found previously that glioma patients were susceptible to γ-ray-induced chromosomal breaks, which may be influenced by genetic variation in genes involved in DNA strand breaks, such as XRCC1 in single-strand break repair, XRCC3 and RAD51 in homologous recombination repair, and XRCC7 in nonhomologous end joining double-strand break repair. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that genetic polymorphisms in XRCC1, XRCC3, RAD51, XRCC7, and p53 were associated with risk of glioma in 309 patients with newly diagnosed glioma and 342 cancer-free control participants frequency matched on age (±5 years), sex, and self-reported ethnicity. We did not find any statistically significant differences in the distributions of XRCC1 Arg399Gln, XRCC3 Thr241Met, RAD51 G135C, and P53 Arg72Pro polymorphisms between the cases and the controls. However, the XRCC7 G6721T variant T allele and TT genotype were more common in the cases (0.668 and 43.4%, respectively) than in the controls (0.613 and 38.9%, respectively), and the differences were statistically significant (P = 0.045 and 0.040, respectively). The adjusted odds ratios were 1.78 (95% confidence interval, 1.08-2.94) and 1.86 (95% confidence interval, 1.12-3.09) for the GT heterozygotes and TT homozygotes, respectively. The combined T variant genotype (GT+TT) was associated with a 1.82-fold increased risk of glioma (95% confidence interval, 1.13-2.93). These results suggest that the T allele may be a risk allele, and this XRCC7 polymorphism may be a marker for the susceptibility to glioma. Larger studies are needed to confirm our findings and unravel the underlying mechanisms.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research