Background. The impact of PCV13 on a number of clinical aspects of pneumococcal pneumonia (PP) in children has not been reported. We compared the serotype distribution, antibiotic susceptibility, and outcomes of children with PP 4 years before and 4 years after the introduction of PCV13. Methods. We identified patients ≤18 years with PP at 8 children's hospitals in the United States (2006-2014). Pneumococcal isolates were collected prospectively. Serotyping and antibiotic susceptibility were performed in a central laboratory. Clinical and laboratory data were collected retrospectively. Annual pneumococcal pneumonia hospitalization rates per 100 000 admissions with 95% confidence intervals were calculated. Dichotomous variables were analyzed by Ï ‡ 2 test and continuous variables with Mann-Whitney U test. Results. A total of 377 patients with PP requiring hospitalization were identified. Hospitalization rates of PP decreased from 53.6 to 23.3 per 100000 admissions post PCV13 (P <.0001). Complicated PP rates also decreased (P <.0001). Need for intensive care, mechanical ventilation, and invasive procedure remained unchanged after the introduction of PCV13. Comorbidities were more common among children with uncomplicated than complicated pneumonia (52.2% vs. 22.5%, P <.001). Overall, PCV13 serotypes 19A, 3, 7F, and 1 caused 80% of PP. Hospitalization rates of PCV13 serotype pneumonia decreased from 47.2 to 15.7 per 100000 admissions post PCV13. In 2014, the most common serotypes were 3, 19A and 35B. Conclusions. PP requiring hospitalization significantly decreased in children after PCV13 introduction. Complicated PP rates decreased steadily in 2011-2014. PCV13 serotypes 19A and 3 were still responsible for half of the cases of PP in 2011-2014.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Clinical Infectious Diseases|
|State||Published - Jun 15 2017|
- pneumococcal disease.
- Streptococcus pneumoniae
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases