Phased implementation of an antimicrobial stewardship program for a large community hospital system

L. Hayley Burgess, Karla Miller, Mandelin Cooper, Julia Moody, Jane Englebright, Edward Septimus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Background: Antimicrobial stewardship is recommended as a crucial mechanism to reduce the emergence of antimicrobial resistance. The purpose of this article was to describe implementation of antimicrobial management programs (AMPs) across a large health system of community hospitals. Methods: The initiative was structured in 4 phases. Although each phase was implemented sequentially, facilities could progress at their own pace. Phase goals needed to be met before moving to the next phase. The 4 phases included preparatory, foundational, clinical care optimization, and refinement. A survey was administered prior to the initiative in 2010, and modified surveys were administered in 2015 and 2017. Results: Stewardship activities improved in most areas of the AMP initiative in 2015, with substantial improvement by 2017. Important changes included an increase in established programs, from 82% in 2010 to 88% and 96% in 2015 and 2017, respectively. Physician Champions increased from 73% in 2010 to 94% in 2017. Advances were made in the use of evidence-based treatment recommendations, antibiogram development, prospective audit and feedback for antimicrobials, tracking of antibiotic usage metrics, and a cost reduction of 40% from baseline. Conclusion: A well-designed, phased approach to implementing AMP can help community hospitals and hospital systems recognize substantial clinical and financial benefits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)69-73
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Infection Control
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2019


  • Antibiotic
  • Antimicrobial
  • Antimicrobial management
  • Antimicrobial stewardship
  • Community hospital
  • Healthcare system
  • Physician champion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases


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