Phase I/II multicenter study to assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of AZD4877 in patients with refractory acute myeloid leukemia

H. M. Kantarjian, S. Padmanabhan, W. Stock, M. S. Tallman, G. A. Curt, J. Li, A. Osmukhina, K. Wu, D. Huszar, G. Borthukar, S. Faderl, G. Garcia-Manero, T. Kadia, K. Sankhala, O. Odenike, J. K. Altman, M. Minden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

Eg5 (kinesin spindle protein) is a microtubule motor protein, essential for centrosome separation during mitosis. This Phase I/II, open-label, multicenter, two-part study investigated AZD4877, a potent Eg5 inhibitor, in patients with acute myeloid leukemia. Primary objectives were to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) (part A), assess efficacy (part B) and determine the pharmacokinetic profile (parts A and B). Secondary objectives included assessment of safety and tolerability. AZD4877 was administered at a range of doses (2, 4, 7, 10, 13, 16 and 18mg/day) as a 1-hour intravenous infusion on three consecutive days of a continuous 2-week schedule. The MTD in part Awas defined as 16 mg/day based on dose-limiting stomatitis at 16 and 18 mg/day, hyperbilirubinemia at 16 mg/day and palmar- plantar erythrodysesthesia syndrome at 18 mg/day. Systemic exposure to AZD4877 generally increased with increasing dose whereas half-life was not dose dependent. No evaluable patients experienced a complete remission (CR) or CR with incomplete blood count recovery (CRi), demonstrating no evidence of AZD4877 efficacy in this population. Evidence of monoasters in all but the 4 mg/day dose group provided proof of mechanism for AZD4877. This study was terminated due to lack of efficacy. (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT00486265).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1107-1115
Number of pages9
JournalInvestigational New Drugs
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012

Keywords

  • AML
  • Eg5 inhibitor
  • MTD
  • Pharmacokinetics
  • Phase I/II
  • Safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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