Groups of 52 and 29 patients with refractory cancers received either native camptothecin (CPT) or 9-nitrocamptothecin (9NC), respectively, in Phase I clinical trials designed to determine the maximum tolerated dose, toxicity and potential efficacy of orally administered camptothecins. Favorable responses occurred with both compounds (11% after CPT, 24% after 9NC). Although both agents could be taken safely for extended periods, dose limiting toxicities were substantial. Diarrhea was the major clinical problem with CPT, and myelosuppression with 9NC. Both compounds could cause hemorrhagic cystitis. The antitumor activity demonstrated suggests that further investigation of orally administered camptothecin analogs is warranted.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences|
|State||Published - 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- History and Philosophy of Science