Introduction: Ladder was a phase 2 trial that evaluated the Port Delivery System with ranibizumab (PDS) for neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Serum and aqueous humor samples were collected to characterize the pharmacokinetics (PK) of ranibizumab delivered through the PDS. Methods: Ladder was a multicenter, randomized, active treatment-controlled, phase 2 clinical trial. Patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (n = 220) were randomized (3:3:3:2) to PDS 10 mg/ml, PDS 40 mg/ml, PDS 100 mg/ml, or monthly intravitreal ranibizumab 0.5 mg. Serum PK samples were collected in all arms and analyzed for ranibizumab concentration using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The main PK analyses were conducted in the PK-evaluable population (n = 68), which excluded patients who received fellow eye intravitreal treatment, supplemental ranibizumab treatment, or had previous treatment with bevacizumab in either eye within 9 months of randomization. Results: In the PDS 10 mg/ml arm, median serum ranibizumab concentrations were below the serum trough concentration (Ctrough; 130 pg/ml) expected with monthly intravitreal ranibizumab 0.5 mg at all time points. In the PDS 40 mg/ml and 100 mg/ml arms, median serum ranibizumab concentrations were above the Ctrough expected with monthly intravitreal ranibizumab 0.5 mg (130 pg/ml) through month 3 and month 12 after implantation, respectively, and remained above the lower limit of quantification through month 15 and month 16 after implantation, respectively. Conclusions: These PK data indicate that the implant in the PDS 100 mg/ml arm maintained ranibizumab concentrations within the range of monthly intravitreal ranibizumab 0.5 mg injections (130–2220 pg/ml) through month 12 after implantation. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier, NCT02510794.
- Age-related macular degeneration
- Neovascular age-related macular degeneration
- Port Delivery System with ranibizumab
- Vascular endothelial growth factor
ASJC Scopus subject areas