The pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) relationship of argatroban. administered in combination with a platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor antagonist, was characterized in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Plasma argatroban and activated clotting times (ACTs) were assessed periprocedurally in 152 patients administered argatroban (250- or 300-μg/kg bolus, then 15-μg/kg/min infusion) in combination with abciximab or eptifibatide during PCI. The PK and PK-PD models were developed utilizing a sequential population approach in NONMEM. Population PK estimates for clearance, central volume, and peripheral volume were 22.0 L/h, 11.0 L, and 13.0 L, respectively (coefficients of variation [CVs] ≤ 10%). By covariate analysis, clearance increased linearly with body weight. Plasma argatroban and ACT effect were well described using a sigmoidal Emax model. For argatroban in combination with platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor blockade in patients undergoing PCI, population PK parameters are consistent with values reported for argatroban in healthy subjects. A predictable relationship exists between argatroban concentration and effect in this setting.
- Activated clotting time
- Percutaneous coronary intervention
- Platelet GPIIb/IIIa receptor antagonists
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)