Personality Disorders in Veterans with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Depression

Nancy Jo Dunn, Elisia Yanasak, Jeanne Schillaci, Sofia Simotas, Lynn P. Rehm, Julianne Souchek, Terri Menke, Carol M. Ashton, Joseph D. Hamilton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Little is known about the frequency of the full-range of personality disorders in outpatients with concurrent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and depression, a common and oftentimes treatment-resistant combination in clinical practice. In a group therapy outcome study, Axis I and II diagnoses were assessed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV and the Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale to select 115 male combat veterans with PTSD and depressive disorder. Within this sample, 52 (45.2%) had one or more personality disorders-most commonly paranoid (17.4%), obsessive-compulsive (16.5%), avoidant (12.2%), and borderline (8.7%)-and 19 (16.5%) had two or more. Documenting a substantial frequency of personality disorders is a first step in devising appropriate interventions for this treatment-resistant combination of disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-82
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Traumatic Stress
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2004

Keywords

  • Assessment
  • Depression
  • Personality disorders
  • PTSD
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

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