Peripheral nerve stimulation (PNS) has been used for the treatment of neuropathic pain for more than 40 years. Recent interest in the utilization of this technique stems from the many modifications of the original procedure and the refinement of the available hardware. This rendered the procedure less traumatic and more effective, and thus more widely accepted as a neuromodulation technique for the treatment of various chronic pain syndromes including post-traumatic and postsurgical neuropathy, occipital neuralgia, and complex regional pain syndromes, and in relatively new indications for neuromodulation, such as migraines and daily headaches, cluster headaches. We present a review of the principle and indications for the use of PNS, and review our single institution experience that comprises 24 peripheral nerve stimulators as well as 8 occipital nerve stimulators over 13 years. We review the protocol of our approach including the surgical nuances for our implantation technique. Collaborative efforts in future research will lead to a growth in our clinical experience with the utilization of PNS and will help in identifying the best candidates for it. This, along with the development and refinement of the available hardware would lead to a more specific patient selection for each modality of treatment, increasing the efficacy and success of the intended treatment.