Peptide-Conjugated Gold Nanoprobe: Intrinsic Nanozyme-Linked Immunsorbant Assay of Integrin Expression Level on Cell Membrane

Liang Gao, Meiqing Liu, Guifu Ma, Yaling Wang, Lina Zhao, Qing Yuan, Fuping Gao, Ru Liu, Jiao Zhai, Zhifang Chai, Yuliang Zhao, Xueyun Gao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Scopus citations

Abstract

Precisely quantifying the membrane protein expression level on cell surfaces is of vital importance for early cancer diagnosis and efficient treatment. We demonstrate that gold nanoparticle bioconjugated by a rationally designed peptide as nanoprobe possesses selective labeling and accurate quantification capacity of integrin GPIIb/IIIa on the human erythroleukemia cell line. Through selective recognition and marking of integrin, two-photon photoluminescence of the nanoprobe is exploited for direct observation of protein spatial distribution on cell membrane. More importantly, utilizing intrinsic enzyme-like catalysis property of the nanoprobe, the expression level of integrin on human erythroleukemia cells can be quantitatively counted in an amplified and reliable colorimetric assay without cell lysis and protein extraction process. In addition, the analysis of the correlation between the gold nanoparticle and the membrane protein via relevant inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry measurement verifies the reliability of the new analytical method. It is anticipated that this facile and efficient strategy holds a great promise for a rapid, precise, and reliable quantification of interested functional membrane proteins on the cell surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10979-10990
Number of pages12
JournalACS Nano
Volume9
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 24 2015

Keywords

  • enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay
  • gold nanoparticles
  • membrane protein quantification
  • nanozyme
  • two-photon imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Engineering(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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