PURPOSE: Patients with congenital genitourinary abnormalities are growing into adulthood and their expectations, especially in the areas of sexual function and fertility are creating unforeseen challenges for health care providers. We review the incidence and management of pelvic organ prolapse at our Transitional Urology Clinic.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is a retrospective chart review of the presentation and treatment of patients with clinically bothersome pelvic organ prolapse seen at our tertiary Transitional Urology Clinic during 2012 to 2015.
RESULTS: Seven patients with a mean age of 22.8 years presented to our clinic with clinically bothersome prolapse. Four patients had myelomeningocele, 2 had sacral agenesis and 1 had bladder exstrophy. All were on self-catheterization. Three patients were sexually active and 1 had an intact uterus and desired fertility. Bothersome symptoms included vaginal bulge in 6 cases, difficult vaginal intercourse in 1 and difficult catheterization in 1. For the leading edge of Bp (anterior compartment) prolapse the median POP-Q (Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification System) stage was 3 (range 1 to 3), for Bp (posterior compartment) prolapse it was 1 (range 0 to 3) and for C (vaginal vault or cervical) prolapse it was 2 (range 1 to 3). Management included pessary in 1 case, hysterectomy with bilateral uterosacral ligament suspension in 4, sacrocolpopexy in 1 and observation in 1. Mean followup was 17.6 months (range 1 to 92). One of the 5 patients treated with surgical intervention had recurrence in the anterior compartment and vaginal vault.
CONCLUSIONS: Females with congenital genitourinary anomalies present with pelvic organ prolapse at a much younger age and a more advanced stage. There is a paucity of literature on the epidemiology, presentation and management of pelvic organ prolapse in this patient population.
- pelvic organ prolapse
- reconstructive surgical procedures
- tertiary healthcare
ASJC Scopus subject areas