4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background/Aim: Because aggressive oncological management just prior to death constitutes a substantial proportion of end-of-life (EOL) costs, we investigated patterns of EOL oncologic care for stage IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in USA to better determine at which point in the patient’s management new treatments were being initiated. Materials and Methods: The National Cancer Database was queried for stage IV NSCLC patients who received any cancer-directed therapy with known timing thereof. Results: A total of 281,990 stage IV NSCLC patients were analyzed. Of all patients, 10.8% commenced any first-course cancer therapy within four weeks of death, and 24.5% within eight weeks of death. Conclusion: 10-15% of stage IV NSCLC patients start cancer therapy within four weeks of death, and 25-30% within eight weeks. This represents a population for whom cancer therapy may not be required, which has implications on reducing EOL healthcare costs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3137-3140
Number of pages4
JournalAnticancer Research
Volume39
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019

Keywords

  • Cost-effectiveness
  • End-of-life
  • Healthcare costs
  • Non-small cell lung cancer
  • Stage IV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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