Patient-reported symptoms at discharge and risk of complications after gynecologic surgery

Xin Shelley Wang, Pedro T. Ramirez, Qiuling Shi, Mona Kamal, Araceli Garcia-Gonzalez, Maria D. Iniesta, Charles S. Cleeland, Larissa A. Meyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective Current gaps in knowledge limit clinicians from fully implementing patient-reported outcomes in routine post-operative care. Methods This prospective study assessed symptoms via the gynecologic module of the MD Anderson Symptom Inventory (MDASI-PeriOp-GYN) in patients who underwent open laparotomy. Results At discharge, patient-reported moderate to severe (≥4 on a 0-10 scale) abdominal bloating or abdominal cramping, combined with length of stay of ≥4 days, were found to be associated with a higher risk of 30-day post-operative grade II-IV complications by the Clavien-Dindo system (all p values <0.01). Also, length of stay of ≥4 days and moderate to severe urinary urgency at discharge were found to be associated with the need for re-admission (all p values <0.01). Conclusion This study defined the clinically meaningful symptoms that related to the risk of developing important complications after discharge from major open gynecological surgery. These findings support the integration of assessment of patient-reported outcomes into patient-centered post-operative care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)271-277
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2023


  • carcinoma
  • postoperative care
  • postoperative period

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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