Patient-reported outcomes of symptom burden in patients receiving surgical or nonsurgical treatment for low-intermediate risk oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma: A comparative analysis of a prospective registry

Moran Amit, Kate Hutcheson, Jhankruti Zaveri, Jan Lewin, Michael E. Kupferman, Amy C. Hessel, Ryan P. Goepfert, G. Brandon Gunn, Adam S. Garden, Renata Ferraratto, C. Dave Fuller, Samantha Tam, Neil D. Gross

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: To explore treatment-related changes in symptom burden and quality of life (QOL) in oropharyngeal squamous cell cancer (OPSCC) patients treated surgically and non-surgically. Patients and Methods: Eighty-six patients with human papillomavirus–associated OPSCC treated at the Head and Neck Center at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center were recruited to a prospective registry study between 2014 and 2016 and completed the core, head and neck-specific, and symptom interference sections of the MD Anderson symptom inventory (MDASI) multi-symptom questionnaire and the EQ-5D health status assessment as a measure of QOL at four time points. Results: Longitudinal improvements from post-treatment nadir were observed across all groups. For patients treated with single modality, symptom interference, but not core and head and neck specific, MDASI scores were significantly better at 6 months in patients treated with surgery than radiation (P = 0.04). For patients treated with multiple modalities, scores for each of the three domains (i.e., core, head and neck -specific, and interference MDASI) were significantly better in the surgical group than the nonsurgical group at treatment completion (P = 0.0003, P = 0.0006 and P = 0.02) and 6 weeks (P = 0.001, P = 0.05 and P = 0.04), but not 6 months (P = 0.11, P = 0.16 and P = 0.040). No significant differences in EQ5D health status were observed between groups at any time point, reflecting similar overall QOL in all groups. Conclusion: Symptom burden and QOL improves after treatment in OPSCC survivors over time regardless of whether primary surgical or nonsurgical treatment is used, although acute symptom profiles may differ.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-20
Number of pages8
JournalOral Oncology
Volume91
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2019

Keywords

  • MDASI
  • Oropharyngeal cancer
  • Patient reported outcomes
  • Radiation
  • Transoral robotic surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oral Surgery
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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