This chapter covers the wide-ranging area of optic nerve and extraocular muscle pathology and is divided into three parts: non-neoplastic anomalies of the optic nerve, neoplasms involving the optic nerve, and pathology of the extraocular muscle. The section on non-neoplastic anomalies of optic nerve includes discussions of congenital anomalies, optic nerve atrophy, cupping, drusen, inflammatory diseases, injury, and optic neuropathies. This is followed by a review of non-melanotic and melanotic neoplasms involving the optic nerve. The chapter concludes with a discussion of normal and pathologic extraocular muscle samples with an emphasis on the unique features of skeletal muscle at this site.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAlbert and Jakobiec's Principles and Practice of Ophthalmology
Subtitle of host publicationFourth Edition
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages36
ISBN (Electronic)9783030426347
ISBN (Print)9783030426330
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022


  • Amyloid
  • Cupping
  • Drusen
  • Extraocular muscle
  • Myopathy
  • Neuromuscular disease
  • Optic nerve
  • Optic nerve tumor
  • Optic neuropathy
  • Thyroid eye disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Pathology of the Optic Nerve and Extraocular Muscle'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this