Pathological characteristics of liver allografts from donation after brain death followed by cardiac death in pigs

Hui Ye, Dong ping Wang, Chuan zhao Zhang, Long juan Zhang, Hao chen Wang, Zhuo hui Li, Zhen Chen, Tao Zhang, Chang jie Cai, Wei qiang Ju, Yi Ma, Zhi yong Guo, Xiao shun He

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Donation after brain death followed by circulatory death (DBCD) is a unique practice in China. The aim of this study was to define the pathologic characteristics of DBCD liver allografts in a porcine model. Fifteen male pigs (25–30 kg) were allocated randomly into donation after brain death (DBD), donation after circulatory death (DCD) and DBCD groups. Brain death was induced by augmenting intracranial pressure. Circulatory death was induced by withdrawal of life support in DBCD group and by venous injection of 40 mL 10% potassium chloride in DCD group. The donor livers were perfused in situ and kept in cold storage for 4 h. Liver tissue and common bile duct samples were collected for hematoxylin and eosin staining, TUNEL testing and electron microscopic examination. Spot necrosis was found in hepatic parenchyma of DBD and DBCD groups, while a large area of necrosis was shown in DCD group. The apoptosis rate of hepatocytes in DBD [(0.56±0.30)%] and DBCD [(0.50 ± 0.11)%] groups was much lower than that in DCD group [(3.78±0.33)%] (P<0.05). And there was no significant difference between DBD group and DBCD group (P>0.05)). The structures of bile duct were intact in both DBD and DBCD groups, while the biliary epithelium was totally damaged in DCD group. Under electron microscope, the DBD hepatocytes were characterized by intact cell membrane, well-organized endoplasmic reticulum, mild mitochondria edema and abundant glycogens. Broken cell membrane, mild inflammatory cell infiltration and sinusoidal epithelium edema, as well as reduced glycogen volume, were found in the DBCD hepatocytes. The DCD hepatocytes had more profound cell organelle injury and much less glycogen storage. In conclusion, the preservation injury of DBCD liver allografts is much less severe than that of un-controlled DCD, but more severe than that of DBD liver allografts under electron microscope, which might reflect post-transplant liver function to some extent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)687-691
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology - Medical Science
Volume34
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 16 2014

Keywords

  • brain death
  • cardiac death
  • liver allografts
  • organ donation
  • pathology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Genetics

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