Partitioning of coomassie brilliant blue into DMAEMA containing poly(HEMA)-based hydrogels

Christian N. Kotanen, Dileep R. Janagam, Rachelle Idziak, Luke Rhym, Ryan Sullivan, Ann M. Wilson, Tao L. Lowe, Anthony Guiseppi-Elie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The loading and release of anti-inflammatory drugs from hydrogel-coated implantable devices is a demonstrated approach in mitigating the inflammatory response of implantable devices. Poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate)-based hydrogels possessing ionizable 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) and cross-linked with varying concentrations (1, 3, 5, 7, 9 and 12 mol%) tetra(ethylene glycol) diacrylate (TEGDA) were synthesized and studied for their degree of hydration, glass transition temperature and partitioning of zwitterionic Coomassie Brilliant Blue (CBB), a zwitterionic drug surrogate known to bind to amines. Using UV-Vis spectroscopy, the partition coefficient of CBB within the hydrogels was found to average 6.69 ± 0.12 but to rise monotonically from 6.54 (1 mol%) to 6.84 (12 mol%) as a function of TEGDA mol% or cross-link density in accord with a monotonic reduction of the degree of hydration. The absence of DMAEMA was found to reduce the partition coefficient of CBB from 6.5 to 4.1. Both formulations, with and without DMAEMA (pKa = 7.5), showed an independence of pH over the physiologically relevant range, pH 5-pH 9, confirming that this difference was not due to Henderson-Hasselbalch ionization of the pendant group. The presence of DMAEMA resulted in a 1.44 fold increase in CBB loading confirming complex formation. The absence of DMAEMA still resulted in considerable partitioning of CBB into the hydrogel suggesting that the affinity between CBB and DMAEMA may not be the only relationship controlling the partition coefficient.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)438-450
Number of pages13
JournalEuropean Polymer Journal
StatePublished - Jul 20 2015


  • Coomassie blue
  • Drug loading
  • Glass transition temperature
  • Hydration
  • Hydrogels
  • Partitioning
  • Poly(HEMA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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