Primary and secondary fragment mass and fragment total kinetic energy were measured by the time-of-flight technique in the 12 MeV proton induced fission of 232Th. The average neutron multiplicity was obtained from the difference of the primary fragment mass and the secondary one as a function of mass and total kinetic energy of fission fragments. Simulation calculations were applied for correction of observed fission data affected by instrumental fluctuations in measurements of flight time and kinetic energies of fragments. Anomalous behaviors of the average neutron multiplicity as a function of total kinetic energy in the mass region of 98-107 for the lighter fragment and 126-135 for the heavier were observed and they were found to correlate with two fission modes, symmetric and asymmetric fission. The overall trend of the average neutron multiplicity was discussed in terms of the two fission modes. Partition of the total excitation energy between fragment pairs deduced from the neutron multiplicity data was evaluated for each fission mode for the first time.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics