Background/aims - Progressive diaphyseal dysplasia (PDD) is a rare, autosomal dominant, osteosclerotic dysplasia affecting both endochondrally and intramembranously derived bones. Severely affected patients can develop progressive stenosis of the optic canals and compressive optic neuropathy. Although raised intracranial pressure (ICP) has been described in patients with PDD in whom visual loss has occurred, the elevation of ICP in those patients has been thought to be either non-contributory or only partially responsible for the accompanying visual loss. Methods - Three cases were reviewed and the clinical and radiological characteristics are described here. Results - All three patients had bilateral optic disc swelling with no radiological evidence of either compressive optic neuropathy or thrombosis of the intracranial venous sinuses. The aetiology of the disc swelling was proved to be papilloedema in the first two cases and was probably the dominant cause in the third case. Conclusion - The visual loss documented in at least two of the three patients reported appears to be solely attributable to raised ICP. Normalisation of the ICP has led to an improvement and stabilisation of the visual function in all three patients. Patients with PDD probably require periodic ophthalmic assessments.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience