p21 expression is induced by activation of nuclear nerve growth factor-induced Bα (Nur77) in pancreatic cancer cells

Syng Ook Lee, Sudhakar Chintharlapalli, Shengxi Liu, Sabitha Papineni, Dae Cho Sung, Kyungsil Yoon, Stephen Safe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

1,1-Bis(3′-indolyl)-1-(p-anisyl)methane (DIM-C-pPhOCH3) activates the orphan receptor nerve growth factor-induced Bα (Nur77)in cancer cells, and in this study, DIM-C-pPhOCH3 decreased Panc1 pancreatic cancer cell survival and arrested cells in G0-G 1. These responses were accompanied by induction of the cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21 in pancreatic cancer cells. Mechanistic studies showed that induction of p21 mRNA and protein by DIM-C-pPhOCH 3 was Nur77 dependent but did not depend on Krüppel-like factor 4, which was also induced by DIM-C-pPhOCH3. Activation of p21 promoter constructs by DIM-C-pPhOCH3 required the GC-rich proximal region of the promoter, and results of RNA interference studies showed that Nur77-dependent activation of the p21 promoter involved interactions with Sp1 and Sp4 but not Sp3. Interactions of Nur77 with the p21 promoter in Panc1 cells treated with DIM-C-pPhOCH3 were also confirmed in chromatin immunoprecipitation assays. These data show that activation of nuclear Nur77 results in a novel pathway for induction of p21, which is independent of Nur77 response elements but dependent on Sp proteins bound to the GC-rich proximal region of the p21 promoter.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1169-1178
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular Cancer Research
Volume7
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2009
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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