Overview of Ocular Side Effects of Selinexor

Nagham Al-Zubidi, Dan S. Gombos, David S. Hong, Vivek Subbiah, Siqing Fu, Jordi Rodon Ahnert, Sarina A. Piha-Paul, Apostolia M. Tsimberidou, Daniel D. Karp, Funda Meric Bernstam, Aung Naing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The aim of this review is to elucidate the type and frequency of ocular adverse events associated with selinexor with a goal to quantify the occurrence of these events in our investigator-initiated trial. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 174 patients treated with at least one dose of selinexor in combination with multiple standard chemotherapy or immunotherapy agents between July 2015 and July 2020 at a comprehensive cancer center in the U.S. All reported ocular adverse events were assessed. Results: A total of 174 patient medical records were reviewed. All patients received at least one dose of selinexor in combination with multiple standard chemotherapy or immunotherapy agents in our cohort of patients with advanced malignancies. A total of 34 (19.54%) patients experienced 37 ocular adverse events. The most frequently reported ocular symptom was blurred vision, which was reported in 22 (12.64%) patients. The most frequently reported treatment-related adverse event was dry eye syndrome reported in 21 (12.1%) patients, and 19 (10.9%) of them were diagnosed with mild dry eye. The second most common treatment-related adverse event was the progression of age-related nuclear sclerosis (cataract) reported in 7 (4.0%) patients. None of the ocular adverse events required therapy discontinuation. Conclusion: Our findings highlight that ocular adverse events associated with oral selinexor were mild. The most frequently reported ocular treatment-related adverse events were mild dry eye and progression of age-related nuclear sclerosis. None of the ocular adverse events required therapy discontinuation. Implications for Practice: Patients receiving selinexor in combination with multiple standard chemotherapy or immunotherapy agents were reviewed, with a total of 34 patients experiencing 37 ocular adverse events. Findings highlight that ocular adverse events associated with oral selinexor were mild. The most frequently reported ocular treatment-related adverse events were mild dry eye and progression of age-related nuclear sclerosis. None of the ocular adverse events required therapy discontinuation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)619-623
Number of pages5
JournalOncologist
Volume26
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2021

Keywords

  • Ocular side effect of selinexor
  • Ocular treatment-related adverse events
  • Selective inhibitor of XPO1
  • Selinexor (KPT-330)
  • Selinexor in combination with multiple standard chemotherapy or immunotherapy agents

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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