Overcome Isomer Interference in 1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D Quantitation by Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry

Zhicheng Jin, Roger L. Bertholf, Xin Yi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: The circulating concentration of 1α,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1α,25(OH)2D] is very low, and the presence of multiple isomers may lead to inaccurate quantitation if not separated prior to analysis. Antibody-based immunoextraction procedures are sometimes used to remove structurally related isomers of 1α,25(OH)2D prior to an LC-MS/MS analysis. However, immunoextraction increases sample preparation time and cost. In addition, some dihydroxyvitamin D metabolites are not completely removed by immunoextraction. Method: We developed an HPLC method using a phenyl-hexyl column to investigate interfering isomers of 1α,25(OH)2D. Result: Using this method, 4-phenyl-1,2,4-triazoline-3,5-dione (PTAD) derivatization product of 1α,25(OH)2D was found to be present as 2 epimers, which were separated chromatographically with an area ratio of 2:1. PTAD derivatized metabolite of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [i.e., 4β,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (4β,25(OH)2D3)] eluted out between 6R and 6S epimers of derivatized 1α,25(OH)2D3. If not chromatographically resolved, 4β,25(OH)2D can affect 1α,25(OH)2D quantitation. In a method comparison study, it was found that the presence of 4β,25(OH)2D produced positive bias up to 127% on 1α,25(OH)2D3 quantitation. Conclusion: The LC-MS/MS method we developed without an immunoextraction procedure was able to resolve the major interference peak from 1α,25(OH)2D and achieved reliable quantitation of 1α,25(OH)2D.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)737-746
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Laboratory Medicine
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2022


  • 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D
  • 4β,25-dihydroxyvitamin D
  • LC-MS/MS
  • epimer
  • isomer interference
  • Chromatography, Liquid/methods
  • Humans
  • Tandem Mass Spectrometry/methods
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Medicine(all)
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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