Outer Bounds for a Joint Communicating Radar (Comm-Radar): The Uplink Case

Cheng Li, Nathaniel Raymondi, Bin Xia, Ashutosh Sabharwal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Limited access to available spectrum motivates new age radio frequency (RF) systems to co-exist and cooperate. In this paper, we consider a joint communication and radar system (labeled Comm-Radar), that is capable of receiving and decoding communication signals while simultaneously enabling radar functionalities. Traditionally, systems that leverage principles of spectrum convergence, deemed each functions to be detrimental to the others. This has led to successive interference cancellations strategies that effectively isolate each of the functionalities. Here, in the context of Comm-Radar processing structure, we show that ambient communication transmissions actually assist in radar estimation. The insight is that communications multipath reflects off radar targets (we denote these comm-target paths) in the environment, and can be processed at the receiver to extract extra information. In this work we characterize the fundamental performance limits of such a joint system.To demonstrate the radar performance gain achievable via the processing of extra comm-target paths, the closed-form Cramér-Rao Bound (CRB) for the estimation of direction, range and velocity of a target is derived, for both the general case, and practical radar and communication signalling schemes. Based on the CRB, joint outer bounds are obtained to characterize the trade off between estimation performance and communication rate. Finally, numerical results verify the advantages of utilizing the target reflections from the communication signal to bolster radar performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1197-1213
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Transactions on Communications
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2022


  • Cramér-rao bound
  • communication rate
  • estimation rate
  • joint communication-radar system
  • rate regions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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