Purpose: The purpose of this study is to report the safety and outcomes of optic nerve sheath fenestration (ONSF) performed via superomedial eyelid crease approach. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients undergoing superomedial eyelid crease ONSF at a single institution between 2014-2019. Data obtained included preoperative visual acuity (VA), mean deviation (MD) on visual field (VF), papilledema grade, intraoperative time, estimated blood loss, intraoperative complications and optic nerve sheath biopsy results. Postoperative month 6 (POM6) data collected included VA, MD, papilledema grade, and lid contour. Outcome measures included overall change in VA, MD, and papilledema grade at POM6. Statistical analysis was performed using STATA version 16 statistical software. Data analysis was done comparing all patients pre- and postoperatively. Additional subgroup analysis was performed on patients undergoing ONSF for IIH vs other indications, and on the contralateral unoperated eye. Results: A total of 31 eyes of 24 patients were identified, four of whom were excluded due to being lost to follow-up. At POM6, improvement was seen in VA (p<0.001) across all groups. There was improvement in POM6 median papilledema grade and MD, but these did not reach statistical significance. Additional subgroup analysis on patients with IIH showed statistically significant improvement in POM 6 VA (p=0.009), papilledema (p=0.009) and MD (p<0.001), as well as VA improvement in the contralateral unoperated eye (p<0.001). Conclusions: Superomedial eyelid crease approach for ONSF is a safe and effective surgery in IIH and other conditions of excess pressure within the optic nerve sheath.
- optic nerve sheath fenestration
ASJC Scopus subject areas