Outcomes of abdominal wall reconstruction with acellular dermal matrix are not affected by wound contamination

Patrick B. Garvey, Roberto A. Martinez, Donald P. Baumann, Jun Liu, Charles E. Butler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background The optimal type of mesh for complex abdominal wall reconstruction has not been elucidated. We hypothesized that AWRs using acellular dermal matrix (ADM) experience low rates of surgical site occurrence (SSO) and surgical site infection, despite increasing degrees of wound contamination.

Study Design We retrospectively reviewed prospectively collected data from consecutive abdominal wall reconstructions with ADM over a 9-year period. Outcomes of abdominal wall reconstructions were compared between patients with different CDC wound classifications. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression and Cox proportional hazard regression analyses identified potential associations and predictive/protective factors.

Results The 359 patients had a mean follow-up of 28.3 ± 19.0 months. Reconstruction of clean wounds (n = 171) required fewer reoperations than that of combined contaminated (n = 188) wounds (2.3% vs 11.2%; p = 0.001) and trended toward experiencing fewer SSOs (19.9% vs 28.7%, p = 0.052). There were no significant differences between clean and combined contaminated cases in 30-day SSI (8.8% vs 8.0%), hernia recurrence (9.9% vs 10.1%), and mesh removal (1.2% vs 1.1%) rates. Independent predictors of SSO included body mass index ≥30 kg/m2 (odds ratio [OR] 3.6; p < 0.001), 1 or more comorbidities (OR 2.5; p = 0.008), and defect width ≥15 cm (OR 1.8; p = 0.02).

Conclusions Complex abdominal wall reconstructions using ADM demonstrated similar rates of complications between the different CDC wound classifications. This is in contradistinction to published outcomes for abdominal wall reconstruction using synthetic mesh that show progressively higher complication rates with increasing degrees of contamination. These data support the use of ADM rather than synthetic mesh for complex abdominal wall reconstruction in the setting of wound contamination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)853-864
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American College of Surgeons
Volume219
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Outcomes of abdominal wall reconstruction with acellular dermal matrix are not affected by wound contamination'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this