Outcomes and Toxicities of Modern Combined Modality Therapy with Atezolizumab Plus Bevacizumab and Radiation Therapy for Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Gohar Shahwar Manzar, Brian Sandeep De, Chike Osita Abana, Sunyoung S. Lee, Milind Javle, Ahmed O. Kaseb, Jean Nicolas Vauthey, Hop Sanderson Tran Cao, Albert C. Koong, Grace Li Smith, Cullen M. Taniguchi, Emma Brey Holliday, Prajnan Das, Eugene Jon Koay, Ethan Bernard Ludmir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Atezolizumab plus bevacizumab has become frontline therapy for unresectable HCC. The compatibility of atezolizumab/bevacizumab with liver-directed RT has not been reported. Methods: HCC patients treated with liver-directed RT and atezolizumab/bevacizumab between 1/2020–11/2021 were included. Toxicity and outcomes were retrospectively recorded. For ALCs, we matched the analysis to a previously cohort of RT-treated HCC patients who did not receive atezolizumab/bevacizumab. Survival and time-to-liver-failure were analyzed using Kaplan–Meier. Results: Of 21 patients, with a median follow-up of 9.5 months, the median OS was 16.1 months. Post-RT, all patients had reduced tumors or treatment response. There were no ≥Grade 3 RT-related toxicities. Autoimmune complications occurred in two patients (9.5%), and GI bleeding in three patients (14.3%). Liver function remained stable post-RT. There was a marked decrease in ALCs immediately post-RT (post-RT/pre-RT ratio 47.3%, p < 0.0001), restored by 1 month to pre-treatment baseline (1-month post-RT/pre-RT ratio 95.1%, n.s.). Compared to HCC patients treated with RT alone, post-RT ALC recovery was faster with atezolizumab/bevacizumab (p = 0.009). Conclusion: In this first reported experience of RT with modern systemic therapy for HCC, combination therapy is safe and well-tolerated. As a favorable prognosticator, there appears to be faster recovery of ALC among patients who received RT with atezolizumab/bevacizumab.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1901
JournalCancers
Volume14
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 9 2022

Keywords

  • RT
  • atezolizumab
  • bevacizumab
  • hepatocellular carcinoma
  • immunotherapy
  • radiation therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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