Outcome Scores and Survivorship of Patients Undergoing Primary Hip Arthroscopy With Borderline Hip Dysplasia: A Propensity-Matched Study With Minimum 10-Year Follow-up

Reagan S. Chapman, Sachin Allahabadi, Thomas W. Fenn, Jordan H. Larson, Corey T. Beals, Daniel J. Kaplan, Shane J. Nho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Patients with borderline hip dysplasia (BHD) and concomitant femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS) have demonstrated similar outcomes at short- and midterm follow-up compared with equivalent patients without dysplasia. However, comparisons between these groups at long-term follow-up have yet to be investigated. Purpose: To compare long-term clinical outcomes between patients with BHD undergoing primary hip arthroscopy for FAIS versus matched control patients without BHD. Study Design: Cohort study; Level of evidence, 2. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on patients with BHD (lateral center-edge angle, 18°-25°) who underwent hip arthroscopy for FAIS between January 2012 and February 2013. Patients were propensity matched in a 1:3 ratio by age, sex, and body mass index to control patients without BHD who underwent primary hip arthroscopy. Groups were compared in terms of patient-reported outcomes (PROs) preoperatively and at 10 years postoperatively, including the Hip Outcome Score Activities of Daily Living subscale (HOS-ADL) and Sports subscale (HOS-SS), modified Harris Hip Score, 12-item International Hip Outcome Tool, visual analog scale (VAS) for pain and satisfaction. Achievement rates for minimal clinically important difference (MCID) and Patient Acceptable Symptom State (PASS) were compared between groups. Kaplan-Meier survivorship curves were assessed between groups. Results: At a mean follow-up of 10.3 ± 0.3 years, 28 patients with BHD (20 women; age, 30.8 ± 10.8 years) were matched to 84 controls who underwent primary hip arthroscopy. Both groups significantly improved from preoperative assessment in all PRO measures at 10 years (P <.001 for all). PRO scores were similar between groups, aside from HOS-SS (BHD, 62.9 ± 31.9 vs controls, 80.1 ± 26.0; P =.030). Rates of MCID achievement were similar between groups for all PROs (HOS-ADL: BHD, 76.2% vs controls, 67.9%, P =.580; HOS-SS: BHD, 63.2% vs controls, 69.4%, P =.773; modified Harris Hip Score: BHD, 76.5% vs controls, 67.9%, P =.561; VAS pain: BHD, 75.0% vs controls, 91.7%, P =.110). Rates of PASS achievement were significantly lower in the BHD group for HOS-ADL (BHD, 39.1% vs controls, 77.4%; P =.002), HOS-SS (BHD, 45.5% vs controls, 84.7%; P =.001), and VAS pain (BHD, 50.0% vs controls, 78.5%; P =.015). No significant difference was found in the rate of subsequent reoperation on the index hip between groups. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis demonstrated comparable survivorship at long-term follow-up (P =.645). Conclusion: After primary hip arthroscopy, patients with BHD in the setting of FAIS had significantly improved PRO scores at 10-year follow-up, comparable with propensity-matched controls without BHD. Rates of MCID achievement were similar between groups, although patients with BHD had lower rates of PASS achievement. Patients with BHD had similar long-term hip arthroscopy survivorship compared with controls, with no significant difference in rates of revision hip arthroscopy or conversion to total hip arthroplasty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1744-1752
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Sports Medicine
Volume52
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2024

Keywords

  • borderline dysplasia
  • femoroacetabular impingement
  • hip arthroscopy
  • long-term follow-up

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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