Background: Although allergic fungal sinusitis is a relatively common, noninvasive form of paranasal sinus mycosis, and despite frequent orbital involvement, there have been few reports of this condition in the ophthalmic literature. Methods: Two cases of allergic fungal sinusitis having orbital symptoms are described. The current classification, typical presentation, and ideal management of fungal sinusitis are reviewed. Results: Distinguishing radiologic and pathologic features were present in both patients. Aspergillus flavus was cultured in one case, and Bipolaris spicifera was cultured in the other. Conclusions: Allergic fungal sinusitis is a unique subset of sino- orbital disease with highly characteristic clinical, radiologic, and pathologic features. Unlike invasive forms of mycotic disease, allergic fungal sinusitis may be managed adequately with surgical debridement, aeration of the involved sinuses, and systemic and topical corticosteroids.
ASJC Scopus subject areas