Optimization of keV-settings in abdominal and lower extremity dual-source dual-energy CT angiography determined with virtual monoenergetic imaging

Sonja Sudarski, Paul Apfaltrer, John Nance, David Schneider, Mathias Meyer, Stefan O. Schoenberg, Christian Fink, Thomas Henzler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To compare objective image quality indices in dual-energy CT angiography (DE-CTA) studies of the abdomen and lower extremity using conventional polyenergetic images (PEIs) and virtual monoenergetic images (MEIs) at different kiloelectron volt (keV) levels. Methods: We retrospectively evaluated 68 dual-source DE-CTA studies. 50 patients (42 men, 71 ± 10 years) underwent abdominal DE-CTA. 18 patients (13 men, 67 ± 10 years) underwent lower extremity DE-CTA. MEIs from 40 to 120 keV were reconstructed. Signal intensity, noise, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were assessed in infrarenal aorta, superior mesenteric, external iliac, femoral, popliteal, and lower leg arteries. Comparisons between MEIs and PEIs were performed with Dunnett's test. Results: 222 arteries were evaluated. In abdominal arteries 70 keV MEIs showed statistically equal signal intensity, noise and CNR levels (+13%; +31%, -14% on average; all p > 0.05) compared to PEIs; SNR was equal or slightly impaired (-7% on average; p < 0.001-1.00). In lower extremity arteries 60 keV MEIs resulted in significantly higher signal intensity and CNR (+54%; +54% on average; all p < 0.05) compared to PEIs at equal noise levels (+18% on average; all p > 0.05) and equal or higher SNR (+49% on average; p < 0.01-0.35). Conclusions: Low-keV MEIs lead to equal or higher signal intensity and CNR compared to PEIs. In lower extremity DE-CTA, additional reconstruction of low-keV MEIs at 60 keV might increase diagnostic confidence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEuropean Journal of Radiology
Volume82
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013

Keywords

  • Ct angiography
  • Dual-energy ct
  • Dual-source ct
  • Image quality
  • Monoenergetic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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