S. Y. Suh, H. G. Craighead

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Altering bismuth/selenium multilayered films prepared by thermal evaporation show an exceptionally high optical recording sensitivity energy threshold of 0. 5 nJ for 50 ns pulses because the absorbed light heats the film until it begins to melt, at which time an exothermic reaction between the Bi and Se releases more energy. Electron microscopy reveals that the bits written on the multilayers Bi/Se films are clean. The intrinsic snr, corrected for the substrate defects, of a digital signal recorded in these films was about 55 db and was the same as or slightly better than that of a 300 A pure Te film on a glass substrate. An earlier study showed good environmental stability of the Bi/Se bilayers; some Bi/Se bilayer films deposited more than 10 years ago still show little sign of degradation. For white pulse energies below those required to form a hole, the write beam causes the reflectivity of the film to increase because of Bi//2Se//3 formation. The thermal annealing of the film at 220 degree C for 1 min results in a similar reflectivity increase. This reflectivity increase could be used to write format information, and hole formation could then be used to record user data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)524-528
Number of pages5
JournalOptical Engineering
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Engineering(all)


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